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Essays on the Theory of Numbers

  • Category: Computer
  • Author: Richard Dedekind
  • Pages: 128 pages
  • File type: Multiple Formats: PDF (140 pages, 5.9 MB), ePub, Daisy, Kindle, DjVu, etc.

Read and download free eBook intituled Essays on the Theory of Numbers in format Multiple Formats: PDF (140 pages, 5.9 MB), ePub, Daisy, Kindle, DjVu, etc. – 128 pages created by Richard Dedekind.

This volume contains the two most important essays on the logical foundations of the number system by the famous German mathematician J. W. R. Dedekind.

The first presents Dedekind’s theory of the irrational number-the Dedekind cut idea-perhaps the most famous of several such theories created in the 19th century to give a precise meaning to irrational numbers, which had been used on an intuitive basis since Greek times. This paper provided a purely arithmetic and perfectly rigorous foundation for the irrational numbers and thereby a rigorous meaning of continuity in analysis.

The second essay is an attempt to give a logical basis for transfinite numbers and properties of the natural numbers. It examines the notion of natural numbers, the distinction between finite and transfinite (infinite) whole numbers, and the logical validity of the type of proof called mathematical or complete induction.

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Essays on the Theory of Numbers

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